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Altered States of Consciousness:
Select Bibliography

General Books on Consciousness

Abraham, Ralph, Sheldrake, Rupert and McKenna, Terence. Trialogues at the Edge of the West: Chaos, Creativity, and the Resacralization of the World. Santa Fe: Bear & Co, 1992.

Bache, Christopher. Dark Night, Early Dawn—Steps to a Deep Ecology of Mind. Albany, N.Y.: SUNY Press, 2000.

Bateson, Gregory. Mind and Nature—A Necessary Unity. N.Y.: E.P. Dutton, 1979.


Blackmore, Susan. Consciousness—An Introduction. Oxford University Press, 2004.

Bowers, K.S. and Meichenbaum, D. (eds. ) The Unconscious Reconsidered. N.Y.: John Wiley & Sons, 1984.

Cardeña, Etzel, Lynn, S.J. & Krippner, S. Varieties of Anomalous Experience. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association, 2000.

Combs, Allen. The Radiance of Being: Complexity, Chaos and the Evolution of Consciousness. 1997.

Csikszentmihalyi, Mihaly (ed.) Optimal Experience: Psychological Studies of Flow in Consciousness. 1992.

Damasio, Antonio. Descartes’ ErrorEmotion, Reason and the Human Brain. N.Y.: Grosset/Putnam, 1994.

Damasio, Antonio. Looking for SpinozaJoy, Sorrow and the Feeling Brain. Orlando, FL: Harcourt, 2003.

Grof, Stanislav. Beyond the Brain: Birth, Death and Transcendence in Psychotherapy. Albany, N.Y.: State University of New York Press, 1986.

Grof, Stanislav. The Adventure of Self-Discovery: I : Dimensions of Consciousness II : New Perspectives in Psychotherapy. Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 1988.

Grof, Stanislav. The Holotropic Mind: The Three Levels of Human Consciousness and How They Shape Our Lives. Harper, SanFrancisco, 1992.

Grof, Stanislav. The Psychology of the Future. Albany, N.Y.: SUNY Press, 2000.

Hunt, Harry. On the Nature of Consciousness: Cognitive, Phenomenological, and Transpersonal Perspectives. Yale University Press, 1995.

Masters, Robert. Swimming Where Madmen DrownTravellers’ Tales From Inner Space. Maui, HI: Inner Ocean Publishing, 2002.

Metzner, Ralph. The Unfolding SelfVarieties of Transformative Experience. Novato, CA: Origin Press, 1998.

Mindell,. Arnold. Dreaming While Awake: Techniques for 24-hour lucid dreaming. Charlottesville, VA: Hampton Roads, 2000.

Nalimov, V.V. Realms of the Unconscious: The Enchanted Frontier. Philadelphia: ISI Press, 1982.

Tarnas, Richard. The Passion of the Western Mind: Understanding the Ideas That Have Shaped Our World View. 1993.

Tart, Charles T. States of Consciousness. N.Y.: E.P. Dutton, 1975.

Taylor, Eugene (ed) William James on Exceptional Mental States: 1896 Lowell Lectures. Amherst, Ma.: University of Massachusetts Press, 1984.

Valle, R.D. & von Eckartsberg, R.(eds.) The Metaphors of Consciousness. New York: Plenum Press, 1989.

Walsh, Roger & Vaughan, Frances (editors). Paths Beyond Ego: The Transpersonal Vision. 1993

Wilber, Ken. Eye to Eye: The Quest for a New Paradigm. Garden City, N.J.: Anchor Press/Doubleday, 1983.

Wolman, Benjamin & Ullman, Montague (Eds.) Handbook of States of Consciousness. 1986.

Young, Arthur. The Geometry of Meaning. Delacort Press, 1976.

The Developmental/Evolutionary Paradigm

Abraham, Ralph. Chaos, Gaia, ErosA Chaos Pioneer Uncovers the Three Great Streams of History. Harper, SanFrancisco, 1994.

Elgin, Duane. The Awakening EarthExploring the Evolution of Human Culture and Consciousness. N.Y.: William Morrow, 1993.

Feuerstein, Georg. Structures of Consciousness: The Genius of Jean Gebser. Lower Lake, CA: Integral Publishing, 1987.

McKenna, Terence. Food of the Gods. The Search for the Original Tree of Knowledge; a Radical History of Plants, Drugs and Human Evolution. N.Y.: Bantam, 1992.

Ornstein, Robert. The Evolution of Consciousness: The Origins of the Way We Think. 1992.

Pearce, Joseph Chilton. Evolution’s EndClaiming the Potential of Our Intelligence. Harper, SanFrancisco, 1992.

Thompson, William Irwin. Coming into Being: Artifacts and Texts in the Evolution of Consciousness. Vol 1, 1996.

Wade, Jenny. Changes of Mind: A Holonomic Theory of the Evolution of Consciousness. Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 1996.

Wilber, K. Engler, J. & Brown, D. Transformations of Consciousness: Conventional and Contemplative Perspectives on Development. Boston: Shambhala, 1986.

Wilber, Ken. Sex, Ecology, Spirituality: The Spirit of Evolution. Boston: Shambhala Publications. 1995.

Young, Arthur. The Reflexive Universe: Evolution of Consciousness. New York: Seymour Lawrence, 1976.

Sleeping & Dreaming

Arden, John. Consciousness, Dreams and Self. Madison, CT.: Psychosocial Press, 1996.

Dalai Lama, with Francisco Varela (ed.) Sleeping, Dreaming, and Dying: An Exploration of Consciousness, 1997.

Dement, W.C. Some Must Watch While Some Must Sleep: Exploring the World of Sleep. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1976.

Faraday, Ann. The Dream Game. New York: Harper & Row, 1976.

Gackenbach, Jayne, Laberge, Stephen (Editors ) Conscious Mind, Sleeping Brain: Perspectives on Lucid Dreaming. 1993.

Garfield, Patricia. Creative Dreaming. New York: Ballantine, 1995.

Gendlin, Eugene. Let Your Body Interpet Your Dreams. Wilmette, Ill: Chiron Publications, 1986.

LaBerge, Stephen. Lucid Dreaming. Los Angeles: J. P. Tarcher, 1985.

LaBerge, Stephen & Howard Rheingold. Eploring the World of Lucid Dreaming. NY: Ballantine Books, 1990.

Moss, Robert. Conscious Dreaming: A Spiritual Path for Everyday Life. Three Rivers Press,1996.

Moss, Robert. Dreamgates: An Explorer’s Guide to the Worlds of Soul, Imagination and Life Beyond Death. Three Rivers Press, 1998.

Rossi, Ernest. 20-Minute Break: Reduce Stress, Maximize Performance, Improve Health and Emotional Well-Being Using the New Science of Ultradian Rhythm. Palisades Gatgeway Publishing, 1991.

Russo, Richard (ed.) Dreams Are Wiser Than Men. Berkeley, CA: North Atlantic Books, 1987.

Singer, J.L. The Inner World of Daydreaming. N.Y.: Harper & Row, 1975.

Ullman, M. & Zimmerman, N. Working with Dreams. New York: Delacorte Press,

Van de Castle, R.L. The Psychology of Dreaming. Morristown, N.J.: General Learning Presss, 1971.

Woods, R.L. & Greenhouse, H.B. The New World of Dreams. New York: Macmillan, 1974.


Bowers, K. Hypnosis for the Seriously Curious. Monterey, CA.: 1976.

Crabtree, Adam. From Mesmer to Freud. Magnetic Sleep and the Roots of Psychological Healing. Yale University Press, 1993.

Erickson, M.H., Rossi, E.L., & Rossi, S.I. Hypnotic Realities. New York: Irvington Publishers, 1976.

Erickson, M.H. My Voice Will Go With YouTeaching Tales. (edited by Sidney Rosen). New York: Norton & Co., 1982.

Hilgard, Ernest. Divided Consciousness: Multiple Controls in Human Thought and Action. N.Y.: Wiley Publishing, 1977.

Leskowitz, Eric D. Transpersonal Hypnosis. Gateway to Body, Mind & Spirit. Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2000.

Rossi, Ernest L. The Psychobiology of Mind-Body Healing: New Concepts in Therapeutic Hypnosis. N.Y.: W.W. Norton & Co., 1986.


Goleman, D. Varieties of Meditative Experience. New York: E.P. Dutton, 1977.

Murphy, M. & Donovan, S. The Physical and Psychological Effects of Meditation. w. comprehensive bibliography 1931-1996. Sausalito, CA: IONS, 1999.

Kabat-Zinn, Jon. Wherever You Go, There You Are: Mindfulness Meditation in Everyday Life, 1994

Naranjo, C. & Ornstein, R. On the Psychology of Meditation. N.Y.: Viking Press, 1971.

Shapiro, D.H. & Walsh, R.N. (eds.) Meditation: Classic and Contemporary Perspectives. New York: Aldine Publishing Co., 1984.


Adamson, Sophia. (ed.) Through the Gateway of the Heart. Accounts of Experiences with MDMA and other Empathogenic Substances. San Francisco: Four Trees Publications, 1986.

Davis, Wade. One River. Eplorations and Discoveries in the Amazon Rain Forest. NY: Simon & Schuster/Touchstone Books, 1996.

Eisner, B. Ecstasy. The MDMA Story. Berkeley: Ronin Publishing, 1989.

Forte, Robert (ed.) Entheogens and the Future of Religion. San Francisco: Council on Spiritual Practices, 1997.

Grinspoon, L. & Bakalar, J.B. Psychedelic Drugs Reconsidered. New York: Basic Books, 1979 (new 1997 edition).

Grob, Charles (ed.) HallucinogensA Reader. NY: Tarcher/Putnam, 2002.

Grof, S. LSD Psychotherapy. The Healing Potential of Psychedelic Medicine. Sarasota, FL: MAPS, 2001.

Hayes, C. Tripping. An Anthology of True-Life Psychedelic Adventures. NY: Penguin Compass, 2000.

Holland, J. (ed.) Ecstasy: The Complete Guide. A Comprehensive Look at the Risks and Benefits of MDMA. Rochester, VT: Park Street Press, 2001.

Huxley, A. The Doors of Perception & Heaven and Hell. New York: Harper & Row, 1963.

Jansen, K. Ketamine: Dreams and Realities. Sarasota, FL: MAPS, 2001.

Krassner, Paul (ed.) Psychedelic Trips for the Mind. NY: High Times, 2001.

Krassner, Paul.(ed.) Magic Mushrooms and Other HighsFrom Toad Slime to Ecstasy. Self-published, 2003.

Leary, T., Metzner, R., & Alpert, R. The Psychedelic Experience—A Manual Based on the Tibetan Book of the Dead. New Hyde Park, N.Y.: University Books, 1964.

Leary, T. Psychedelic Prayers and Other Meditations. Introd. by Ralph Metzner. Berkeley: Ronin Press, 1997.

Lee, M.A. & Shlain, B. Acid Dreams. The CIA, LSD and the Sixties Rebellion. N.Y.: Grove Press, 1985.

Merkur, D. The Ecstatic Imagination. Psychedelic Experiences and the Psychoanalysis of Self-Actualization. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1998.

Metzner, Ralph (ed.) AyahuascaHuman Consciousness and the Spirits of Nature. NY: Thunder’s Mouth Press, 1999.

Metzner, Ralph (ed.) TeonanácatlSacred Mushroom of Visions. El Verano, CA: Four Trees Press - Green Earth Foundation, 2004.

Ott, J. Pharmacotheon. Entheogenic Drugs, their Plant Sources and History. Kennewick, WA: Natural Products Co., 1993.

Ott, J. The Age of Entheogens & The Angels’ Dictionary. Kennewick, WA: Natural Products Co., 1995.

Ott, J. Pharmcophilia or The Natural Paradises. Kennewick, WA: Natural Products Co., 1997.

Palmer, C. & Horowitz, M.(eds.) Sisters of the Extreme. Women Writing on the Drug Experience. Rochester, VT: Park Street Press, 2000.

Passie, T. Psycholytic and Psychedelic Therapy Research 1931-1995: A Complete International Bibliography. Hanover: Laurentius Publishers, 1997.

Pendell, Dale. Pharmakopoeia. Plant Power, Poisons and Herbcraft. San Francisco: Mercury House, 1995.

Pendell, Dale. Pharmacodynamis. Stimulating Plants, Potions & Herbcraft. San Francisco: Mercury House, 2002.

Polari de Alverga, Alex. Forest of Visions. Ayahuasca, Amazonian Spirituality and the Santo Daime Tradition. Rochester, VT: Park Street Press, 1999.

Saunders, N., Saunders, A. & Pauli, M. In Search of the Ultimate High. Spiritual Experience Through Psychoactives. London: Rider, 2000.

Schultes, R.E. & Hofmann, A. Plants of the Gods: Their Sacred, Healing and Hallucinogenic Powers. (rev. ed) Rochester, N.Y.: Inner Traditions International, 1992.

Shanon, Benny. The Antipodes of the Mind. Charting the Phenomenology of the Ayahuasca Experience. Oxford University Press, 2002.

Shulgin, A. & Shulgin, A. PIHKAL. A Chemical Love Story, Berkeley: Transform Press, 1991.

Shulgin, A. & Shulgin, A. TIHKAL. The Continuation. Berkeley: Transform Press, 1997.

Smith, Huston. Cleansing the Doors of Perception. The Religious Significance of Entheogenic Plants and Chemicals. NY: Tarcher/Putnam, 2000.

Stevens, Jay. Storming Heaven. LSD and the American Dream. N.Y.: The Atlantic Monthly Press, 1987.

Stolaroff, M. Thanatos to Eros: 35 years of Psychedelic Exploration. Thanatos Press, 1994.

Stolaroff, M. The Secret Chief. Conversations with a Pioneer of the Underground Psychedelic Therapy Movement. Charlotte, NC: MAPS, 1997.

Strassman, R. DMT - The Spirit Molecule. A Doctor's Revolutionary Research into the Biology of Near-Death and Mystical Experiences. Rochester, VT: Park Street Press, 2001.

Weil, A. The Natural Mind. An Investigation of Drugs and Higher Consciousness. Boston: Houghton-Mifflin, 1986 (rev. ed.).

Psychoactives & Psychopharmacology

Cass, Hyla and Patrick Wolford. Natural Highs—Supplements, Nutrition and Mind-Body Techniques to Make You Feel Good All the Time. NY: Avery Penguin Putnam, 2003.

Julien, Robert. A Primer of Drug Action. A Concise, Non-Technical Guide to the Action, Uses and Side Effects of Psychoactive Drugs. San Francisco: W. H. Freeman & Co., 7th ed. 1995.

Leavitt, F. Drugs and Behavior. Sage Publications, 1995. NY: Columbia University Press, 2001.

Ray, Oakley & Ksir, Charles. Drugs, Society and Human Behavior. St. Louis: Mosby, 1996.

Regan, C. Intoxicating Minds. How Drugs Work. NY: Columbia University Press, 2001.

Siegel, Ronald K. Intoxication. Life in Pursuit of Artificial Paradise. NY: E.P. Dutton, 1989.

Weil, A. & Rosen, W. From Chocolate to Morphine. Understanding Mind-Active Drugs. Boston: Houghton-Mifflin, 1983.

Psychosis, Dissociation, PTSD

Beahrs, John O. Unity and Multiplicity: Multilevel Consciousness of Self in Hypnosis, Psychiatric Disorder and Mental Health. New York: Brunner/Mazel, 1982.

Crabtree, Adam. Multiple Man: Explorations in Possession and Multiple Personality. N.Y.: Praeger, 1985.

Fadiman, J. & Kewman, D. (eds.) Exploring Madness. Experience, Theory and Research. Monterey, CA.: Brooks/Cole Publishing, 1973.

Grof, C. & Grof, S. (eds.) Spiritual Emergency. When Personal Transformation Becomes a Crisis. Los Angeles: J.P. Tarcher, 1989.

Grof, Christina & Grof, Stanislav. The Stormy Search for Self. Los Angeles: J.P. Tarcher, 1990.

Herman, Judith. Trauma and Recovery. NY: Basic Books, 1997.

Lynn, Steven Jay & Rhue, Judith W. (eds.) Dissociation—Clinical and Theoretical Perspectives. NY: Guilford Press, 1994.

Nelson, John. Healing the Split. Madness or Transcendence? Los Angeles, CA: J.P. Tarcher, 1990.

Perry, J. Roots of Renewal in Myth and Madness. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1976.

Ross, Colin A. Multiple Personality DisorderDiagnosis, Clinical Features, and Treatment. NY: John Wiley, 1989.

Mystical & Religious Experience

Bucke, R.M. Cosmic Consciousness. NY: Bell Publishing, 1959 (originally published 1900).

Cavendish, Richard. Visions of Heaven and Hell. NY: Crown Publishers, 1977.

Cohen, J.M. & Phipps, J.F. The Common Experience. Los Angeles: Jeremy P. Tarcher, 1979.

Heinberg, Richard. Memories and Visions of Paradise. Exploring the Universal Myth of a Lost Golden Age. Los Angeles: Jeremy P. Tarcher, 1989.

James, William. The Varieties of Religious Experience. New York: New American Library, 1958.(originally published 1901).

Laski, Margarita. Ecstasy. A Study of some Secular and Religious Experiences. New York: Greenwood Press, 1968.

Metzner, Ralph. The Unfolding Self. Varieties of Transformative Experience. Novato, CA: Origin Press, 1998.

Underhill, E. Mysticism. New York: New American Library, 1955.

White, John, (ed.) The Highest State of Consciousness. Garden City, N.Y.:Anchor/Doubleday, 1972.

Shamanic States of Consciousness

Eliade, Mircea. Shamanism. Archaic Techniques of Ecstasy. Bollingen Series LXXVI.

Princeton University Press, 1964.

Goodman, Felicitas. Where the Spirits Ride the Wind. Indiana University Press, 1990.

Harner, Michael. The Way of the Shaman. San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1980.

Ingerman, Sandra. Soul RetrievalMending the Fragmented Self. Harper, San Francisco, 1991.

Larsen, Stephen (ed.). Song of the Stars. The Lore of a Zulu Shaman (Vusamazulu Credo Mutwa). Barrytown, NY: Barrytown, 1996.

Narby, Jeremy. The Cosmic SerpentDNA and the Origin of Knowledge. New York; Putnam, 1998.

Perkins, John. The World Is As You Dream It. Shamanic Teachings from the Amazon and Andes. Rochester, VT: Destiny Books, 1994.

Perkins, John. Shape-Shifting: Shamanic Techniques for Personal and Global Transformation. Rochester, VT: Destiny Books, 1997.

Ripinsky-Naxon, Michael. The Nature of Shamanism. Substance and Function of a Religious Metaphor. Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 1993.

Villoldo, Alberto & Stanley Krippner. Healing States. A Journey into the World of Spiritual Healing and Shamanism. NY: Simon & Schuster, 1986.

Near-Death Experiences (NDEs)

Atwater, Phyllis. Coming Back to LifeThe After-Effects of the Near-Death Experience. NY: Ballentine Books, 1988.

Greyson, Bruce and Charles Flynn. Near-Death Experience: Problems, Prospects, Perspectives. Springfield, IL: Charles Thomas, 1984.

Grof, Stanislav. & Christina Grof. Beyond Death. New York: Thames & Hudson, 1980.

Moody, Raymond. Life after Life. Covington, Ga.: Mockingbird Books, 1975.

Moody, Raymond. The Light Beyond. N.Y.: Bantam, 1988.

Moody, Raymond. Reunions. Visionary Encounters with Departed Loved Ones. N.Y.: Willard Books, 1993.

Morse, Melvin. Closer to the LightLearning from Childrens’ Near-Death Experiences. New York: Villard, 1992.

Morse, Melvin. Transformed by the LightThe Powerful Effect of Near-Death Experiences on People’s Lives. New York: Villard, 1992.

Osis, Karlis. Deathbed Observations by Physicians and Nurses. N.Y.: Parapsychology Foundation, 1961.

Ring, Kenneth. Heading Towards Omega. In Search of the Meaning of the Near-Death Experience. New York: William Morrow, 1984.

Ring, Kenneth. The Omega Project. Near-Death Experiences, UFO Encounters and Mind at Large. N.Y.: William Morrow, 1992.

Ring, Kenneth. And E.E. Valarino. Lessons from the Light. What We Can Learn from the Near-Death Experiences. Portsmouth, NH: Moment Point Press, 1998.


Edge, H.L., Morris, R.L., Palmer, J. & Rush, J.H. Foundations of Parapsychology. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1986.

Gabbard, G. & Twemlow, S.W. With the Eyes of the Mind. An Empirical Analysis fo Out-of-Body States. New York: Praeger Publishers, 1984.

Krippner, Stanley. (ed.) Advances in Parapsychological Research. New York: Plenum Press, 1977 (and subsequent volumes).

Radin, Dean. The Conscious Universe. The Scientific Truth of Psychic Phenomena. NY: HarperCollins, 1997

Targ, Russell & Katra, Jane. Miracles of Mind. Exploring Non-Local Consciousness and Spiritual Healing. Novato: New World Library, 1998.

Tart, Charles. Psi - Scientific Studies of the Psychic Realm. N. Y.: E.P. Dutton, 1977.

Tart, C.T., Puthoff, H.E. & Targ, R. (eds.) Mind At Large. N.Y. : Praeger, 1979.

Tart, Charles (ed.) Body, Mind, Spirit. Exploring the Parapsychology of Spirituality. Charlottesville, VA: Hampton Roads, 1997.

Ullman, M. & Krippner, S. Dream Telepathy. Baltimore: Penguin, 1974.

White, John (ed.) Psychic Exploration. New York: Putnam's, 1974.

Out-of-Body Experiences (OBEs)

Buhlman, William. Adventures Beyond the Body. NY: Harper Collins, 1996.

Couliano, Ioan. Out of this WorldOther-Worldly Journeys from Gilgamesh to Albert Einstein. Charlottesville, VA: Hampton Roads, 1997.

Devereux, Paul. Spirit Paths, Shape-Shifting and Out of Body Travel. St. Paul, MN: Llewellyn Publications, 1993.

Leland, Kurt. Otherworld. A Field Guide to Nonphysical Reality for the Out-of-Body Traveler. Charlottesville, VA: Hamptom Roads, 2001.

Monroe, Robert. Journeys Out of the Body. Garden City, NJ: Doubleday/Anchor, 1971.

Monroe, Robert. Far Journeys. Garden City, NJ: Doubleday. 1985.

Monroe,. Robert. Ultimate Journey. Garden City, NJ: Doubleday, 1994.

Peterson, Robert. Out of Body ExperiencesHow to Have Them and What to Expect. Charlottesville, VA: Hampton Roads, 1997.

UFO Encounter/Abduction Experiences

Jacobs, David. Secret Life: Firsthand, Documented Accounts of UFO Abductions. NY: Simon & Schuster, 1992.

Mack, John. Abduction. Human Encounters with Aliens. N.Y.: Crown Publishers, 1999.

Mack, John. Passport to the Cosmos. Human Transformation and Alien Encounters. N.Y.: Scribners, 1994.

Thompson, Keith. Angels, Aliens and Archetypes. UFOs and the Mythic Imagination. N.Y. : Fawcett Columbine, 1991.

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Ralph Metzner

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